Louis Farrakhan born Louis Eugene Walcott; May 11, 1933), formerly known as Louis X, is an American religious leader, black nationalist, activist, and social commentator. He is the leader of the religious group Nation of Islam (NOI) and served as the minister of major mosques in Boston and Harlem, and was appointed by longtime NOI leader Elijah Muhammad as the National Representative of the Nation of Islam.
After Warith Deen Muhammad disbanded the NOI and started the orthodox Islamic group American Society of Muslims, Farrakhan started rebuilding the NOI. In 1981 he revived the name Nation of Islam for his organization, previously known as Final Call, regaining many of the Nation of Islam's National properties including the NOI National Headquarters Mosque Maryam, reopening over 130 NOI mosques in America and the world.
The Southern Poverty Law Center and the Anti-Defamation League describe Farrakhan as antisemitic and a proponent of an anti-white theology. Farrakhan himself disputes this view of his ideology. He has also used his outspoken rhetorical style in remarks that have been perceived as homophobic.
In October 1995, he organized and led the Million Man March in Washington, D.C., calling on black men to renew their commitments to their families and communities. Due to health issues, he reduced his responsibilities with the NOI in 2007. In 2013, however, Farrakhan was very active, including delivering weekly online sermons throughout the year as well as speaking at large public NOI events as well as smaller venues. In 2015, he led the 20th Anniversary of the Million Man March: Justice or Else.