What he did: Derek Chauvin, 44, pressed his knee into George Floyd's neck while Floyd was lying on the street.
The charges: Chauvin was charged on Wednesday with a new, more serious count of second-degree murder. He had previously been charged with third-degree murder and second-degree manslaughter.
The second-degree murder charge says he killed Floyd "without intent" in the course of committing assault in the third degree, according to an amended complaint.
Chauvin was arrested last week and is being held at a Minnesota Department of Corrections facility in Oak Park. His bail was increased to $1 million Wednesday, court documents show.
Background: Chauvin was a police officer with the Minneapolis Police Department for nearly 19 years.
He was the subject of at least 18 prior complaints and only two were "closed with discipline," according to a department internal affairs public summary.
The heavily redacted personnel files released by police only detail a 2007 complaint from a woman alleging that Chauvin had pulled her from her car, searched her and placed her in the back of a squad car for going 10 miles an hour over the speed limit.
An investigator found that Chauvin "did not have to remove complainant from car" and that he could have interviewed her outside the vehicle. The report noted that there was no audio of the incident and the dash came in Chauvin's car was turned off.
Chauvin admitted that he did not check to see if the dash cam in his cruiser at the start of his shift and left a microphone in the squad car during the traffic stop, the report says. He received a letter of reprimand and a notice of suspension for the incident, the documents show.
His files also include recommendations that he be given the department's medal of valor for his actions in two incidents. One involved shooting a man who pointed a shotgun at officers and another involved shooting a man suspected of a violent domestic assault, according to the personnel file.
When Chauvin applied for a job with the police department, he said he served in the US Army as a member of the military police and had worked as a custom protection officer for security services company. The files note Chauvin worked for McDonald's and another restaurant in the mid-1990's.
Chauvin was initially hired as a community service officer in January 2001 and served for about eight months before he was promoted to police officer, the personnel files show.